Introduction to Formal Logic I

Fall, 2019: September 14 – December 16

Available Times (EST):
3:00-4:00PM Monday
3:00-4:00PM Wednesday
3:30-4:30PM Friday

Price: $400US/$550CAN

Course Description

To write or speak well, we must think well. This is precisely why we should study logic; logic is the science of right thinking. If we look to history, to ancient Greece and Rome, on the one hand, and to medieval Christendom, on the other hand, we see that the study of logic played an integral role in a student’s education. In this course, the student will be introduced to formal logic, as developed by Aristotle and used extensively by the Fathers of the Church. We will also be using a variety of methods
to analyze the use of logic. One of these methods will be humor. We will do an analysis of the use of logic in Alice in Wonderland to demonstrate the use of logic through humor.

Learning Objectives

In this course, students will do the following:
• Acquire a basic understanding of the Orthodox Christian theory of knowledge.
• Understand the four kinds of logical statements
• Understand the four ways propositions can be opposed
• Understand the three ways propositions can be equivalent
• Understand the seven rules for the validity of syllogisms (logical arguments)

Textbooks and Other Resources

Traditional Logic: Introduction to Formal Logic, Martin Cothran, published by Memoria Press (Students will need to purchase both the text and the workbook from
• Other materials as distributed by the instructor

Instructional Format: A class will be held each week in real-time, using the Zoom webconferencing system. In addition, video lessons will be sent out through the week. Students will be expected to watch these lessons each week, completing any activities sent out with the video.

Office Hours: The instructor will be available by appointment each week. Office hours will be conducted using Zoom.

Anticipated Weekly Schedule

Week 1       Introduction & Chapter 1: What is Simple Apprehension?
Week 2       Chapter 2: Comprehension and Extension
Week 3       Chapter 3: Signification and Supposition
Week 4       Chapter 4: What is Judgment?
Week 5       Chapter 5: The Four Statements of Logic
Week 6       Contradictory and Contrary Statements
Week 7       Subcontraries and Subalterns
Week 8       Distribution of Terms
Week 9       Obversion, Conversion, and Contraposition
Week 10     What is Deductive Inference?
Week 11     Terminological Rules for Categorical Syllogisms
Week 12     Quantitative Rules for Categorical Syllogisms
Week 13     Qualitative Rules for Categorical Syllogisms
Week 14     Review


Anticipated Assignments and Exercises

Students will need to read, study, practice almost every day. This is how we get good at things, by doing them regularly. So, you should think about our logic course as calisthenics and stretching, but for the mind.
The number and frequency of assignments may be adjusted at the instructor’s discretion to accommodate variations in student progress.

Anticipated Tests and Quizzes

Quizzes 50%
Tests 30%
Final Exam 10%
Participation/Attendance 10%


Quizzes will be given once a week. There will be three tests. There will be a final exam.